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La Isla Beach Bar Restaurant. Improve this listing. Ranked 28 of 51 Restaurants in Agios Tychon. Cuisines: Greek , Mediterranean. Restaurant details Dining options: Reservations. Description: La Isla is one of the most stylish resto beach-bars by the sea in Limassol operating throughout the year. A culinary experience with tempting breakfast dishes, fulfilling lunch menu and flavorful dinner plates to desire for.
Exotic cocktails compliment your visit at La Isla; while if dessert is your favorite part of the meal, then our sweet collection is especially designed for you! Reviewed April 26, via mobile. Thank mikesHLT. Write a review Reviews Traveler rating. Show reviews that mention. All reviews salmon seafood very nice place nice view beach limassol disco seaside beds. Review tags are currently only available for English language reviews.
Read reviews in English Go back. Reviewed April 22, A New restaurant in Limassol. Date of visit: April Jonathan N. Reviewed April 15, Overpriced bland food! Thank Jonathan N. Report response as inappropriate Thank you. We appreciate your input. Irene C. Reviewed April 5, via mobile. Disappointing service. Thank Irene C. Reviewed March 26, Simply perfect!
Date of visit: March Columbia Beach. Puesta Oyster Bar and Grill. Dionysus Mansion. The aim of this study is to find possible teleconnection patterns associated with the Siberian High SH and precipitation in Cyprus. In this respect, the study examines the impacts that the SH exerts on local climate in areas far beyond the area of its domination; in particular, the relation of the teleconnection patterns derived from the SH Sea Level Pressure SLP characteristics and precipitation over Cyprus are examined.
Four indices are used describing the characteristics of the SH strength and geographical displacement. In an attempt to identify possible relations between precipitation, on the one hand, and the SH indices, on the other hand, a network of 32 rain gauge stations in Cyprus , both coastal and inland, was carefully selected to cover the whole island. Precipitation in Cyprus is mainly the result of baroclinic depressions traveling in the eastern Mediterranean Basin.
SH as one of the dominant centers of action in the northern hemisphere, acts as one of the regulators of the preferred paths of these frontal depressions. The overall effect of the SH on these depressions is connected to characteristics and behavior of the SH, such as its intensity and location, as it may act as a blocking system preventing the propagation of migratory depressions eastwards or diverting them towards the North or South. The depressions arriving or forming over the island have a short lifespan and they are not frequent.
The mean monthly sea-level pressure SLP was obtained from the dataset of the Climatic Research Unit of the University of East Anglia, with horizontal analysis of 5 degree latitude and 10 degree longitude grid. The 5 degree resolution global mean monthly temperature anomaly values taken were also taken from the same source. Monthly total precipitation amounts from 32 rain gauges in Cyprus were obtained from the Cyprus Meteorological Service for the period - Finally, use has been made of the reanalysis data at 2.
The epidemiology of childhood poisonings in Cyprus. Information on childhood poisonings in Cyprus is limited. Our objective was to examine the epidemiology of poisonings among children in Cyprus. All children up to 15 years of age admitted for poisoning to the Archbishop Makarios Hospital in Nicosia, Cyprus between and were included in our study.
All hospital poisoning records were reviewed. A total of children were admitted for poisoning. The mean age of children was 3. The annual cumulative incidence of childhood poisoning hospitalizations was per , children. Medications accounted for Another Among children who ingested petroleum distillates, The vast majority of cases were accidental Suicidal cases involved children years old, mainly girls, and the most frequent poisoning ingested was paracetamol Poisoning hospitalizations represent an important cause of morbidity among children in Cyprus.
Preventive strategies should include the education of caregivers on the handling of medications and household products as well as legislation requiring child-resistant packaging for all medications and household products including petroleum distillates. Based on analysis of epidemiological characteristics, to determine trends in the incidence of imported transmissible diseases in the Czech Republic and to draw attention to the epidemiological significance of international tourism and migration.
Between and , altogether 12, cases of transmissible diseases were imported into the Czech Republic from countries in the world. The notified annual incidence of imported infections ranges from to 1, cases. The highest percentage of cases was imported by Czech tourists The period for which the data on Czech tourism to other countries are available is characterized by increase in the absolute number of imported cases while the relative incidence of imported cases per , population traveling to other countries shows a downward trend.
The highest numbers of cases were imported from Viet Nam 1, cases , Slovakia 1, cases and India cases. When considering Czech tourism to other countries for which the corresponding data are available, the highest rates of imported diseases in were linked to the travels to Tunisia 1. Analysis of the Epidat information system databases for reporting transmissible diseases enables assessment of trends in imported infections in the Czech Republic as a point of departure for estimation of health risk from tourism and migration.
Cyprus is a Mediterranean island divided into two political sections. For political agreement to be possible between the North Turkish and South Greek , Cyprus should give full consideration to citizenship education at schools with the aim of transmitting shared values and helping students become EU citizens. In this research, two citizenship…. Vocational Education and Training in Cyprus. Short Description. Cyprus takes over the European Union Presidency in the second half of in a period of continuing uncertainty due to the world economic crisis.
The vocational education and training VET system of Cyprus is playing a significant role in dealing with the immediate adverse effects of the crisis on the labour market as well as in laying the…. In Bulgaria , a complex matrix of power relations governs English language education, and a triangle of international and intercultural relations between Bulgaria , United States, and United Kingdom.
In the context of the changing economic and political milieu of central and eastern Europe, a study examines how Bulgaria fits into the emerging…. Hepatitis a virus genotypes and strains from an endemic area of Europe, Bulgaria In , Bulgaria showed the highest rate Nevertheless, HAV genotypes and strains circulating in this country have never been described.
The present study reports the molecular characterization of HAV from patients from Bulgaria. In the IA group, a major and a minor cluster were observed 62 and 16 sequences, respectively. Strain 2 is identical to the strain previously responsible for an outbreak in the Czech Republic in and a large multi-country European outbreak caused by contaminated mixed frozen berries in The distribution of viral sequences suggests the existence.
Current situation of oil refinery in Bulgaria. This article deals with the classification approach for oil refineries in international practices. Criteria of refinery estimation group, including its financial status estimation, have been investigated. This company is a leading enterprise in Bulgaria.
The analysis of LNCHB operating: energy intensity index; index of operating costs and return on investment index have been performed. Pharmacy Practice and Education in Bulgaria. Aptekari pharmacists act as responsible pharmacists, pharmacy owners, and managers. They follow a five year Masters of Science in Pharmacy M. Pomoshnik-farmacevti assistant pharmacists follow a three year degree with a six month traineeship. They can prepare medicines and dispense OTC medicines under the supervision of a pharmacist.
The first and second year of the M. Years three and four center on pharmaceutical technology, pharmacology, pharmacognosy, pharmaco-economics, and social pharmacy, while year five focuses on pharmaceutical care, patient counselling, pharmacotherapy, and medical sciences. A six month traineeship finishes the fifth year together with redaction of a master thesis, and the four state examinations with which university studies end.
Industrial pharmacy and clinical hospital pharmacy practice are integrated disciplines in some Bulgarian higher education institutions such as the Faculty of Pharmacy of the Medical University of Sofia. Pharmacy practice and education in Bulgaria are organized in a fashion very similar to that in most member states of the European Union. Aging in the Republic of Bulgaria. Bulgaria , a southeastern European nation with 7. Three main demographic factors have led to rapid population aging.
These include emigration, high death rates, and low birth rates. This "perfect storm" of demographic factors has created numerous political, social, and economic challenges for Bulgaria. For example, informal support of older adults is declining as younger generations move abroad or to urban areas for greater employment opportunities. This has increased the need for formal long-term services and supports, which can be at odds with traditional values.
Additionally, economic sustainability is a major concern for the nation as population aging and de-population continues. Few gerontological organizations, scholars, or secondary datasets exist in the country. To address these challenges, more research on aging is needed to encourage economic renewal, healthy aging policies, and long-term services and supports.
All rights reserved. For permissions, please e-mail: journals. A comparative overview of citizenship education in Cyprus. In this research, two citizenship textbooks which were designed and used for eighth grade level were examined using content analysis. Both textbooks were prepared and published in the respective mainland states Greece and Turkey and reflected the culture of these countries.
Although Turkey is a candidate state for the European Union, the Turkish book focuses on empowering local citizen identity in the nation state and does not discuss broader issues related to global citizenship. By contrast, the Greek textbook covers both national and global issues concerning citizenship. The researchers believe that this could facilitate a possible political agreement between the two sides.
Bulgaria and Romania: Geography and Economics. This lesson plan on Romania and Bulgaria could be adapted for various grade levels and ability groups. Topics addressed include cultural diversity, the period of Soviet control in the region and its lasting effects, factors contributing to political instability, the current attempts to move towards a market economy, and traditions and customs….
The goals of language policies in Marxist-Leninist states tend to be applied in three stages: 1 pluralism, 2 bilingualism, and 3 monolingualism. The language policies in Bulgaria , particularly as applied to the Turkish minority, fit this pattern. A pluralistic language and education tradition in Bulgaria , inherited from the Ottoman Empire,….
Harrison, Richard W. The island of Cyprus has a long historical record of earthquakes that have damaged pre-Roman to modern human settlements. Because the recurrent damaging earthquakes can have a significant economic and social impact on Cyprus , this project was initiated to develop a seismic-hazard assessment for a roughly square kilometer area centered on Cyprus ' capital and largest city, whose European name is Nicosia and whose local name is Lefkosia.
In addition, geologic and seismotectonic evaluations for the project extended beyond the perimeter of the geologic map. Additional structural, stratigraphic, and paleontological data were collected island-wide as well as data from literature research throughout the eastern Mediterranean region, in order to accurately place the geology and seismic hazards of the Lefkosia area in a regional tectonic framework.
Marketing approaches for OTC analgesics in Bulgaria. The marketing management includes analysis of market opportunities, selection of target markets, planning, developing and implementing of marketing strategies, monitoring and result control. The object of the present study was to analyse the marketing approaches applied for non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs NSAIDs in Bulgaria. The performed SWOT planning method used to evaluate the strengths, weaknesses, opportunities, and threats analysis for one of the leading Bulgarian manufacturers marked the complex corporative strategy for stimulating the sales of NSAIDs.
The study results show that the legislation frame in the country gives an opportunity for regulation of the NSAID market in order that incorrect marketing approaches such as disloyal competition are avoided. Women in physics in Cyprus : A first report.
This paper reviews the status of women in science, physics in particular, in Cyprus. We describe the development of physics in the country, focusing on the contributions and participation of women. We present statistical data for the last several years, reviewing the percentage of women who are pursuing physics as a subject of study or as a profession.
We report the gender ratios at different career stages and find that while women are well represented in undergraduate studies, female physicists are underrepresented in senior positions. We discuss factors that might affect the career evolution of women in physics in Cyprus.
Czech Basic Course: Folklore. It is used in the advanced phase as a part of cultural background information. Reading selections, with vocabulary lists, include: 1 ethnography; 2 incantations and spells; 3 proverbs, sayings, and weather lore; 4 fairy tales….
Problem Statement: The island of Cyprus , due to its strategic location, was under the influence of many conquerors throughout the centuries. Cultural traces of these captors have survived to the present day. This long, turbulent history has had a profound effect on the Cypriot educational system, with the most recent influence being the impact of…. The purpose of this study was to evaluate a new music education program in Cyprus. The program which was created by the author of this study, combined early childhood music education and children's literature.
Nine lessons were created which included three original children stories and six songs. Five primary music teachers implemented the whole…. School heads and assistant headteachers in Cyprus attend in-service training programmes as part of their professional development, after they are promoted to their new leadership post. Nevertheless, there seems….
The performance-driven project management program examined in this article was funded to support a variety of technical assistance efforts designed to strengthen the performance of small and medium enterprises in the Turkish Cypriot community in Cyprus. The customized program combined progressive workshops with hands-on and distance coaching by…. Problem Statement: The identification of professional teaching standards has great value on initial teacher training, hiring teachers, assessing teacher performance, as well as planning and organizing teacher professional development.
In Northern Cyprus there are not any identified professional teaching standards. This study aimed at filling this…. In this article I consider the place of a school in Cyprus that admits students from both sides of the Green Line and the role sport is meant to play in bringing students from diverse backgrounds together.
This paper suggests the need for a critical analysis of the nationalization of mourning and its educational implications, especially in conflict-ridden areas. Our thoughts are grounded in a comparative study on mourning that has been conducted as part of our long-standing ethnographic research in schools in Cyprus and Israel during the last 10…. The aim of the study was to locate the effects of a learning space on language learners, teachers and syllabus designers.
Cancer nurses' perceptions of ethical climate in Greece and Cyprus. In recent years, the interest in ethical climate has increased in the literature. However, there is limited understanding of the phenomenon within the cancer care context as well as between countries. To evaluate cancer nurses' perceptions of hospital ethical climate in Greece and Cyprus. This was a quantitative descriptive-correlational comparative study with cancer nurses. Data were collected with the Greek version of the Hospital Ethical Climate Survey questionnaire in addition to demographic data.
Ethical considerations: The study conforms to the principles of the World Medical Association Declaration of Helsinki and the relevant ethical approvals were obtained according to national law. The results showed that in terms of the "Managers" dimension, participants working in Greek hospitals 4. Nurses with a higher level of education had a lower average ethical climate score across all dimensions. Economic transition and household food consumption: a study of Bulgaria from to Major economic transitions typically entail changes in the availability of and purchasing power for different types of foods leading to long-term changes in the composition of the diet.
Bulgaria , a former Eastern Bloc country, underwent a difficult and protracted transition from a centralized to market economy with acute economic crises and a much slower recovery of income levels than in Poland, the Czech Republic, and Hungary. Using annual data from the Bulgarian National Household Survey, we study changes in the reported consumption of major foods excluding alcoholic drinks and their constituent macronutrients from to , examining also the differences in dietary patterns between the period prior to and following the transition.
These changes are related to the changes in income and market prices as well as the general negative trend in economic growth and hyperinflation in the mids. Thus, Bulgaria experienced a decrease in food consumption without significant changes in the dietary pattern following the economic transition of The fact that part of this decline may be attributed to continued economic challenges suggests that future transitions in the diet may be expected as economic development proceeds.
Information about the preparation and realization of the attractive program for the "Star Night" on September 25, , in Shumen, is presented. Its goal is popularization of the European initiative "Research Night" in Bulgaria. Uukuniemi virus, Czech Republic. Following the identification of severe fever with thrombocytopenia syndrome and Heartland viruses, the interest on tick-borne phleboviruses has increased rapidly.
Uukuniemi virus has been proposed as a model for tick-borne phleboviruses. However, the number of available sequences is limited. In the current study we performed whole-genome sequencing on two Uukuniemi viral strains isolated in and from Ixodes ricinus ticks in the Czech Republic.
Both strains cluster together with Potepli63 strain isolated in the country in Although the Czech strains were isolated many years apart, a high identity was seen at the nucleotide and amino acid levels, suggesting that UUKV has a relatively stable genome. Cestina pro Pokrocile Intermediate Czech. The textbook in intermediate Czech is designed for second-year students of the language and those who already have a basic knowledge of Czech grammar and vocabulary.
It is appropriate for use in a traditional college language classroom, the business community, or a government language school. It can be covered in a year-long conventional…. Liver transplantations in Bulgaria --initial experience. The filed of liver transplantation LT continues to evolve and is highly effective therapy for many patients with acute and chronic liver failure resulting from a variety of causes.
Improvement of perioperative care, surgical technique and immunosuppression in recent years has led to its transformation into a safe and routine procedure with steadily improving results. The aim of this paper is to present the initial experience of the transplant team at Military Medical Academy - Sofia, Bulgaria.
For the period of April - August the team performed 38 liver transplants in 37 patients one retransplantation. Patients were followed up prospectively and retrospectively. The mean MELD score of the transplanted patients was 17 The setting of a new LT program is a complex process which requires the effort and effective colaboration of a wide range of speciacialists hepatologists, surgeons, anesthesiologists, psychologists, therapists, coordinators, etc.
The good results are function of a proper selection of the donors and the recipients. Living donation is an alternative in the shortage of cadaveric donors. Prevalence and social environment of cigarette smoking in Cyprus youth.
Tobacco use is the single most preventable cause of morbidity and mortality in humans. Limited data exist regarding the extent of the problem among Cyprus youth. We use the Global Youth Tobacco Survey to assess the prevalence of cigarette smoking among middle and high school students as well as the social environment in which this is taking place. A two-stage cluster sample design was used to select a representative sample of students from middle and high schools registered with the Republic of Cyprus in The study questionnaire consisted of 99 questions and participation in the survey was voluntary.
Statistical analyses were performed taking into consideration the specific design of the study and the sample weights associated with each completed questionnaire. Smoking prevalence among Cyprus middle and high school students is high and there are indications of an increase in the prevalence of smoking among girls over the last few years.
Susceptibility rates, exposure to second-hand smoke, and access to and availability of cigarettes to youth are also high and concerning. The present survey indicates that. Gravity and magnetic anomalies of the Cyprus arc and tectonic implications. In present day, eastern Mediterranean is controlled by the collision of the African and Eurasian plates and displacements of Arabian, Anatolian and Aegean micro-plates.
The boundary between African and Eurasian plates is delineated by the Hellenic arc and Pliny-Strabo trench in the west and the Cyprus arc and a diffuse fault system of the Eastern Anatolian Fault zone in the east. The available gravity and magnetic data from the easternmost Mediterranean allow to subdivide this basin into three provinces: the northeastern Mediterranean north of the Cyprus Arc; the Levant Basin south of the Cyprus Arc and east of the line that roughly continues the Suez rift trend toward the Gulf of Antalya, between Cyprus and Anaximander Mountains; and the Mediterranean Ridge, Herodotus Basin west of this line.
High anomalies observed in Cyprus and the sea region at the south is prominent in the gravity data. The Bouguer gravity anomaly reaches its maximum values over Cyprus , where it is most probably caused by high dense Troodos ophiolites. The uplifted oceanic crust causes high Bouguer anomaly also seen in the vicinity of Eratosthenes Seamount. Another result obtained from gravity data is that the crust under Herodotos and Rhodes basins is somehow oceanic and Anaximander, Eratosthenes and Cyprus are continental fragments.
There are no linear magnetic anomalies in the Mediterranean. But there are magnetic anomalies over the Eratosthenes seamount and as well as from Cyprus to the Antalya basin due to the ophiolitic bodies. The extensional deformation associated with the Antalya basin appears to be separated by a zone of the Florence rise and Anaximander Mountains affected by differential tectonic movements.
Eratosthenes Seamount is a positive crustal feature in the process of collision with Cyprus along an active margin; there is clearly a potential tectonic relationship to the onland. This study explores the intercultural experiences of international students IS in Cyprus. While there is much research about IS' experiences in more traditional educational destinations, such as the UK, US and Australia, little is known about their experiences in Cyprus.
Using semi-structured interviews and a focus group, the present study…. The accession of the Republic of Cyprus to the European Union in was anticipated to be a "catalytic" factor in developments towards a solution of the Cyprus problem at the political level. Within education, it was also seen as an opportunity for addressing diversity in a historically ethnocentric educational system through the….
The purpose of this study is to determine the drug-use habits in North Cyprus and to prepare a demographic study of drug wastage. A total of questionnaires containing 36 questions were handed out in 5 major cities of North Cyprus.
Participants' pharmaceutical consumption habits and basic knowledge on rational use were compared with respect to…. A recently announced government initiative for educational reform in Cyprus has set school autonomy high on the agenda. This article aims to throw more light into this effort, while localizing the intention for decentralization within the context and peculiarities of the Cyprus educational system. In particular, this article outlines the….
Preparing for Headship in Cyprus. In Cyprus , the introduction of management and leadership training programmes in education is still at an embryonic stage and is far from addressing the actual needs of Cypriot head teachers. Those responsible for organising inservice training programmes at the Pedagogical Institute conceded that the Cyprus educational system CES had failed due…. Since , the Ministry of Education and Culture in Cyprus has launched an educational reform.
The Ministry highlighted Cyprus ' participation in the European context and, by extension, the turning-into-multicultural character of the Cypriot society as the most important reasons, which necessitated such a reform. This paper seeks to examine the…. This paper examines how politics have shaped Turkish Cypriot educational institutions and school buildings in Cyprus , focusing on the British colonial period Unlike other British colonies, Cyprus enjoyed considerable autonomy on educational matters in the early decades of British occupation.
During this period education, which was…. Whilst augmentative and alternative communication has been used for over sixty years across many countries, in Cyprus it remains underdeveloped. The current study seeks to investigate the current AAC practices in Cyprus. Discusses legislation aiming to protect the Greek Language in Cyprus. The shift from a laissez-faire attitude toward legal intervention in the s is examined in reference to a set of interrelated factors that distinguish this period from previous periods of history in Cyprus.
Arts and Cultural Education at School in Europe. This paper focuses on Cyprus 's arts and cultural education. The Cyprus Ministry of Education and Culture is responsible for setting the aims for cultural and creative dimensions of education. Decisions about the creation of the curriculum related to culture and creativity within education, as well as the arts curriculum are made at a central….
The population in Cyprus , a recent European Union member, has become much more heterogeneous during the past decade. Here, we examine the attainment patterns of minority and native students enrolled in six secondary schools from different cities in Cyprus , and identify factors responsible for these patterns.
The combination of examined factors has…. Redesignated at 61 FR , Dec. As prescribed in Federal Register , , , , European Union Restitution The island of Cyprus , which played a significant role in connecting different cultures in the Eastern Mediterranean; moreover it has always played a significant role in the Mediterranean due to its strategical and geographical location as located between Egypt, Palestine, Syria, Anatolia and the Aegean became the cradle of an authentic and peculiar culture both in prehistoric and historic times.
One of the reasons of this peculiarity lies on the fact that the peninsula perched on the Eastern Mediterranean trade routes and boasted abundant copper deposits. According to the 2D and 3D georadar cross sections and Self Potantial SP with cubic model obtained from georadar mesurements to define the locations and directions of fortress sections and the foundation of the castle walls georadar measurements have been made on 8 areas in Nitovikla Region based on the purpose of archaeogeophysics.
Linear geometrically distributed anomalies were also identified as they consistently extend over 6 metres deep at least in some areas these seem to be related to each other however possessing an individual architectural coherence. Anomalies and Self Potential anomaly distribution map are identified after examining the 3D diagrams top view and post processual data analysis as well as interpretation of GPR measurements were also included in the newly drawn layout plan.
Fortress locations and foundations of caste walls have mapped by interpretation of 2D and 3D images. Equivalent radiolarian ages from ophiolitic terranes of Cyprus and Oman. Radiolarian biostratigraphy shows that umberiferous strata overlying the Troodos ophiolite in Cyprus are Turonian in age and are thus essentially contemporaneous with similar strata that overlie the Samail ophiolite in Oman. However, this radiolarian age is markedly older than Campanian isotopic ages measured on the underlying rocks of the Troodos ophiolite.
The revised age for the umbers indicates that the Troodos lavas were formed no later than Turonian time. The presence of overlying autochthonous Maastrichtian chalks restricts the emplacement of the Troodos ophiolite to the Late Cretaceous Santonian to early Maastrichtian. Crisis as a serendipity for change in Cyprus ' healthcare services. As Cyprus signed a financial agreement with a team of international lenders, several reform measures were outlined as pre-requisites for disbursement of financial instalments.
The health sector was massively reformed in order to enhance efficiency and reduce waste. The magnitude of reforms included introduction of guidelines and clinical algorithms, co-payments, and revision of criteria for public beneficiary status. In order to safeguard equity in access, solidarity in coverage and sustainability of its healthcare sector, reforms must continue unabated and, more importantly, the introduction of a universal health system should be the ultimate goal.
Spread of fire blight in Bulgaria during the last 20 years has nearly eliminated commercial production of pear and quince. Damage has increased in both nurseries and orchards, yet susceptible cultivars continue to be planted. Quince is the host most frequently attacked by Erwinia amylovora in Bulgar Women in physics in Bulgaria -Enhancing research. Bulgaria currently has a relatively high number of women in top positions at the governmental level, yet the presidents of the important universities and most of the directors of research institutions are male.
Gender balance is driven by the need to improve research quality in interdisciplinary fields, where the similarities and differences between men and women in creativity and thought play a crucial role. The higher education and research sector in Bulgaria is undergoing a gradual change. Whether this transformation will bring success or failure depends on how prepared stakeholders are to meet associated challenges and opportunities.
The mobility of academics and the related phenomenon of brain drain need careful investigation. Academic teachers…. This paper presents therapeutic art practices carried out with 60 orphan children in the small town of Ugarchin in northern Bulgaria. In , a group of artists and teachers developed a varied program of art activities for these children. These activities included two 1-week visits and the opening of five art workshops--Art History, Ceramics,….
Bulgaria : Where the Arts are Alive and Well. Describes the author's first visit to Bulgaria to visit classes, attend student performances, and talk with the faculty at the National Academy of Theater Arts and Film. Discusses their use of theater technique, such as puppetry, as a therapeutic tool and the vitality and expertise they displayed in their play performances. The paper presents new results on atmospheric deposition of 41 elements in four areas of Bulgaria during the European moss survey in The results have been obtained by the moss biomonitoring technique.
Geospatial tools for landscape character assessment in Cyprus. Symons, N. The development of Landscape Typologies in Europe relies upon advances in geospatial tools and increasing availability of digital datasets. Landscape Character Assessment LCA is a technique used to classify, describe and understand the combined physical, ecological and cultural characteristics of a landscape. LCA uses a range of data sources to identify and describe areas of common character and can operate at a range of scales i.
The paper describes the steps taken to develop an island wide landscape typology for Cyprus , based on the use of GIS and remote sensing tools. The methodology involved integrating physiographical, ecological and cultural information about the Cypriot landscape. Datasets on the cultural attributes e. The mapping work is carried out on two levels using a hierarchical approach.
The first level at a , scale has been completed resulting in a map with 17 distinct landscape types. The second level is under way with the view of producing a more detailed landscape typology at , scale which will incorporate the cultural aspects of the island. This is the first time that such a typology has been produced for Cyprus and it is expected to provide an invaluable tool for landscape planning and management. Development of Bioethics and Clinical Ethics in Bulgaria.
Bioethics and clinical ethics emerged from the classical medical ethics in the s of the 20th century. Both fields are new for the Bulgarian academic tradition. The aims of this paper were to demarcate the subject fields of medical ethics, bioethics, and clinical ethics, to present the developments in the field of medical ethics in Bulgaria , to delineate the obstacles to effective ethics education of medical professionals, and to present the results of the application of an adapted bottom-up methodology for clinical ethics consultation in several clinical units in Bulgaria.
Extended literature review and application of an adapted METAP methodology for clinical ethics consultation in six clinical units in the Northern Bulgaria between May and December Teaching of medical ethics in Bulgaria was introduced in the s and still stands mainly as theoretical expertise without sufficient dilemma training in clinical settings. Earlier studies revealed need of clinical ethics consultation services in our country. METAP methodology was applied in 69 ethics meetings.
In Participants' opinion about the meetings was highly positive with Development of bioethics in Bulgaria follows recent worldwide trends. Several ideas could be applied towards increasing the effectiveness of ethics education. Results of the ethics meetings lead to the conclusion that it is a successful and well accepted approach for clinical ethics consultation with a potential for wider introduction in our medical practice.
HIV-1 transmission networks across Cyprus A molecular epidemiology study of HIV-1 infection was conducted in one hundred diagnosed and untreated HIVinfected patients in Cyprus between and , representing Eighty-two patients were newly diagnosed genotypic drug resistance testing within six months from diagnosis , and eighteen patients were HIV-1 diagnosed for a longer period or the diagnosis date was unknown. Phylogenetic trees of the pol sequences obtained in this study with reference sequences indicated that subtypes B and A1 were the most common subtypes present and accounted for A high rate of clustered transmission of subtype B drug-sensitive strains to reverse transcriptase and protease inhibitors was observed among MSM, twenty-eight out of forty-one MSM study subjects The two largest MSM subtype B clusters included nine and eight Cypriot men, respectively, living in all major cities in Cyprus.
There were only three newly diagnosed patients with transmitted drug resistant HIV-1 strains, one study subject from the United Kingdom infected with subtype B strain and one from Romania with sub-subtype A2 strain, both with PI drug resistance mutation M46L and one from Greece with sub-subtype A1 with non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors NNRTI drug resistance mutation KN. Organizational culture in the primary healthcare setting of Cyprus.
The concept of organizational culture is important in understanding the behaviour of individuals in organizations as they manage external demands and internal social changes. Cyprus healthcare system is under restructuring and soon a new healthcare scheme will be implemented starting at the Primary Healthcare PHC level.
The aim of the study was to investigate the underlying culture encountered in the PHC setting of Cyprus and to identify possible differences in desired and prevailing cultures among healthcare professionals. The population of the study included all general practitioners GPs and nursing staff working at the 42 PHC centres throughout the island.
The shortened version of the Organizational Culture Profile questionnaire comprising 28 statements on organizational values was used in the study. The instrument was already translated and validated in Greek and cross-cultural adaptation was performed. Statistical analysis was performed using SPSS Student t-test was used to compare means between two groups of variables whereas for more than two groups analysis of variance ANOVA was applied. From the total of healthcare professionals, participated in the study The majority of participants were women Culture dimension "performance orientation" was the desired culture among healthcare professionals mean: 1.
This was the first study performed in Cyprus assessing organizational culture in the PHC setting. In the forthcoming health system reform. Background The concept of organizational culture is important in understanding the behaviour of individuals in organizations as they manage external demands and internal social changes.
Methods The population of the study included all general practitioners GPs and nursing staff working at the 42 PHC centres throughout the island. Results From the total of healthcare professionals, participated in the study Conclusions This was the first study performed in Cyprus assessing organizational culture in.
Understanding informal payments for health care: the example of Bulgaria. Throughout the s, in response to funding deficits, out-of-pocket payment has grown as a share of total expenditure in countries in transition. A clear policy response to informal payments is, however, lacking. The current study explores informal payments in Bulgaria within a conceptual framework developed by triangulating information using a variety of methodologies.
To estimate the scale and determinants of informal payments in the health sector of Bulgaria and to identify who benefits, the characteristics and timing of payments, and the reasons for paying. Data were derived from a national representative survey of individuals complemented by in-depth interviews and focus groups with over respondents, conducted in Bulgaria in Informal payments are defined as a monetary or in-kind transaction between a patient and a staff member for services that are officially free of charge in the state sector.
Informal payments are relatively common in Bulgaria , especially if in the form of gifts. Informal cash payments are universal for operations and childbirth, clear-cut and life-threatening procedures, in hospitals or elite urban facilities or well-known physicians.
Most gifts were given at the end of treatment and most cash payments-before or during treatment. Wealthier, better educated, younger respondents tend to pay more often, as a means of obtaining better-quality treatment in a de facto two-tier system.
Since the transition, informal payments had become frequent, explicit, solicited by staff, increasingly in cash, and less affordable. Informal payments stem from the low income of staff, patients seeking better treatment; acute funding shortages; and from tradition. Attitudes to informal payments range from strongly negative if solicited to tolerant if patient-initiated , depending on the circumstances.
The study provides important new insights into the incidence and nature of informal payments in the health sector in Bulgaria. Payments were less. Hadjimitsis, Diofantos G. The Cultural Heritage CH sector, especially those of monuments and sites has always been facing a number of challenges from environmental pressure, pollution, human intervention from tourism to destruction by terrorism. Within this context, CH professionals are seeking to improve currently used methodologies, in order to better understand, protect and valorise the common European past and common identity.
The ATHENA centre will be devoted to the development, introduction and systematic use of advanced remote sensing science and technologies in the field of archaeology, built cultural heritage, their multi-temporal analysis and interpretation and the distant monitoring of their natural and anthropogenic environment in the area of Eastern Mediterranean.
Soft computing techniques toward modeling the water supplies of Cyprus. This research effort aims in the application of soft computing techniques toward water resources management. More specifically, the target is the development of reliable soft computing models capable of estimating the water supply for the case of "Germasogeia" mountainous watersheds in Cyprus.
At the same time, reliable artificial neural networks have been developed to perform the same job. The 5-fold cross validation approach has been employed in order to eliminate bad local behaviors and to produce a more representative training data set.
Thus, the fuzzy weighted Support Vector Regression SVR combined with the fuzzy partition has been employed in an effort to enhance the quality of the results. Several rational and reliable models have been produced that can enhance the efficiency of water policy designers. Identification of hepatitis B virus HBV strains and understanding of molecular epidemiological characteristics are important for the effective surveillance of HBV infections.
Genotype D is dominant in studies performed in Turkey but it is known that cases infected with genotypes A, E, G and H also exists. In contrast, there are no data regarding the molecular epidemiologic characteristics of the HBV in Northern Cyprus. The aim of this study was to determine the distribution of genotypes and subgenotypes of HBV among the people living, educating and working in Northern Cyprus.
A total of cases 1. Conflict among health-care personnel has been identified as an issue within health-care settings around the world. To investigate the existence and management of conflict among health-care personnel in public hospitals in Cyprus ; to assess the factors leading to conflict among staff members; to evaluate the consequences of conflict arising; and to consider the management strategies.
A self-administered questionnaire was completed by a random sample of health-care professionals in all seven state-run hospitals in Cyprus in Sixty-four per cent of respondents reported that they had never been informed about conflict management strategies, with physicians being the least informed as the relative percentage was The case of Bulgaria.
In Bulgaria , we are sharing a transition to a civic society and a market economy, which means transferring to new parameters of our culture. Many old customs based on coercion, obedience and unacceptable interference are gradually dying out, and new principles tend to shape the way we live our collective lives. These include the ethics of partnership, which tend to create an assertion of individual rights and an affirmation of free will and autonomy, and within which the individual is protected in the pursuit of personal judgements.
It is remarkable, however, that we have so much difficulty in talking about and identifying the most beneficial approaches for the achievement of the new design of our society. In this paper, I propose to illustrate the current crisis in nursing ethics with information mainly from Bulgaria. However, I think that the problems and trends in the other Eastern European countries are similar.
Renewable energy sources in Bulgaria : Current state and trends. The over-dependency of Bulgaria on imported fuel stressed the importance of developing a new energy strategy based on energy saving which includes also using renewable energy sources RES. The target is the substitution of at least 2 percent of the real primary energy consumption with RES by The author gives a generalized analysis of the available RES in Bulgaria -solar, wind, geothermal, biomass and mini-hydraulic.
The potentialities of each source for its usage as a suitable energy supply are pointed out, as well as the current status of research and implementation work, problems connected with legislation, financing and production of particular facilities. The governmental policy concerning RES is considered briefly.
Hepatitis A virus HAV infection is an acute, self-limited liver disease transmitted usually through the faecal-oral route via person-to-person contact. Bulgaria has intermediate HAV endemicity with higher susceptibility among adults and recurrent outbreaks. As HAV infection is strongly related to human movements and represents a significant risk to travelers and migrants, as well as to local population receiving these groups, we set out to analyze the epidemiological data on hepatitis A in five of the largest tourist border regions of Bulgaria located in its eastern part: Varna, Shumen, Dobrich, Burgas and Yambol.
We reviewed retrospectively all reported cases of acute hepatitis A in the eastern regions of Bulgaria over a 7-year period between and A total of newly infected patients were registered during the study period, the number varying widely: from cases in to in The average incidence of HAV was higher in the south-eastern regions than in the northeastern regions Most humans are infected by tick bite, crushing infected ticks by hand or by unprotected contact with blood of viremic mammals.
Next to the notified human CCHF cases, the real distribution and the situation in animals in Southeastern Europe are nearly unknown. Since domestic ruminants play a crucial role in the life cycle of the vector ticks and the transmission and amplification of the virus, the antibody prevalence in those animals is a good indicator for the presence of CCHFV in a region.
Therefore, the prevalence of CCHFV-specific antibodies was investigated in domestic ruminants of different regions of Bulgaria and Turkey. The results highlight the risk of human infections in those regions and the importance of the investigation of the prevalence in animals for identification of risk areas.
This article provides a unique overview about published CCHFV antibody prevalence in animals in comparison to human incidences in different areas of Bulgaria and Turkey. Although it will help to complete the understanding of the CCHFV situation in these countries, it also demonstrates the lack of unpublished and published data even in these highly endemic areas. Gambling in the Czech Republic.
To provide an overview of gambling and associated problems in the Czech Republic, including an overview of the historical context, legislation, prevalence, treatment and research base and agenda. A review of literature and relevant sources.
The trajectory of gambling patterns in the territory of the Czech Republic in the 20th century reflected broad socio-political changes. Those included significant expansion between the wars, strict state control and bans on some gambling activities during the communist regime and finally dynamic development characterized by a boom in electronic gaming machines EGMs and increasing accessibility of gambling facilities after , which aggravated gambling-related problems.
Many municipalities have banned EGMs, which has created conflict in regulation at state and municipal levels. The draft gambling law prepared in aims to clarify the regulatory framework. Before there was only sporadic research interest in gambling, but in the first complex research on gaming and problem gambling in the Czech population took place.
Preventive measures, counselling and treatment services for problem gamblers are limited. Weak and ineffective regulation of the gambling market in the Czech Republic during the past 20 years, despite the large growth in gambling, has led to inadequate prevention and response to problem gambling which has become a considerable public health, social and political issue.
Czech Democracy and Civic Education. This paper describes and analyzes definitions of democracy and civic education of teachers and students in each of three types of secondary schools in an emerging democracy: the Czech Republic. The paper's theoretical framework is rooted in anthropological and sociological notions of the social context of culture that attend to the fact that all….
Czech Basic Course: Verb List. No sentence examples are included. The text is intended to serve as a compact reference and study aid. Entries are listed…. Czech Student Attitudes towards Geography. This study investigates Czech lower secondary students' attitudes towards geography. It examined the general influence of gender and grade level on attitudes towards geography with an emphasis on four specific areas in particular: geography as a school subject; geography and the environment; the importance of geography; and the relevance of….
Czech Children's Drawing of Nature.
I was in charge of an acute admission male ward in Nicosia which accepts patients from all over Cyprus with different mental health problems such as psychosis, alcohol and drug misuse, personality and affective disorders. I also helped in the development of the Psychiatric department in the Central Prison in Cyprus. I was the chair and facilitator for the mental health awareness week in Cyprus for the and As part of my job I join and at times lead committees in different times according to the needs of Cyprus Mental Health Services.
Psychiatric National Association executive board member Special Interest sessions: Specialist Substance Misuse team in Newham and gained important skills when helping patients with a variety of problems with addictions. Set up and leading a memory clinic in Cyprus. I collected data from case notes, including socio-demographic details, type of diabetes mellitus and HbA1c, over a 12 month period.
Our results demonstrated that a liaison psychiatry service integrated into a diabetes clinic is associated with improved glycaemic control in people with problematic diabetes and concomitant psychiatric morbidity. The results elucidated a number of interesting findings including: demographic information, previous contact with mental health services, the method of self-harm used and the adherence of management to NICE guidelines.
There are potential clinical factors that could hamper the effect delivery of CTOs and explain the gap between the research findings and clinical practice. The findings suggest that the communication with the GPs needs improvement and meetings have been held to discuss how this could be achieved.
I have collected data for the court diversion scheme for service evaluation and development. Self-Harm in people under 18 in City and Hackney , this has demonstrated interesting demographics, adherence to national guidelines in regards to suicide prevention and compliance with the NICE guidelines. This was further taken and incorporated in the service development to improve communications with the GPs.
We examined case notes for adherence to standards relating to service policy and timely communication with GPs. The audit cycle was completed and the results demonstrated an improvement compared to the previous audit. Our data was presented at the local departmental meeting.
The Trust incorporateded our recommendation into service policy. Presented a case of autokabalesis at Mile End Hospital January Grand Round presentation in Surgery. Allied health professional teaching on psychotropic use in Personality Disorders, Workshops: Communication skills and psychiatric assessments for undergraduate medical students, Tutorials on Personality and Anxiety Disorders I have attended a workshop to improve my communication skills.
I have led a workshop on communication skills for medical students. Informal clinical teaching: In my daily clinical practice I take every opportunity to teach colleagues. Several case and journal club presentations. I acted as a candidate in a video for the Royal College of Psychiatrist for the CASC Exam in order to be used as an educational material for the examiners. Also taught medical students graduate entry at Newham University Hospital on Psychiatric themes and regularly taught medical students as part of their placement at Newham Centre for Mental Health.
AEL Limassol may not have been hitting the heights that they did earlier in the season during the last few months, but 11 wins from 16 home games is still a formidable record. Nicosia have been in incredible form recently, collecting some points from a possible 27, and it is noticeable that all nine of their matches during this period have served up three goals or fewer. The same is true of each of the most recent nine AEL Limassol home games at this level, so it would come as a major surprise were this key battle not to serve up under 3.
When Ol. Expert's Suggested TIP. Suggested Tip:. Best Bookmaker:. Bet Now. Nicosia Ol. Betting Overview. AEL Limassol - Ol. Here on Feedinco, we will cover all types of match predictions, stats and all match previews for all Cyprus - First Division matches. Feedinco Suggestion From all statistics and latest matches data, our professional advice and experts suggest to bet on a 1 which have odds of 1.
We also suggest the best bookmaker which is Bet9ja which have better odds on this type of bet. Nicosia, we have analysed all last 5 matches and winning rate analysis. AEL Limassol are currently in a better form which they will be playing on their statium as home team, which gives them a slight advantage over the away team - Ol. Nicosia on Live Streaming. Nicosia LIVE! Nicosia live coverage and video highlights if you are registered member of 1xBet, the leading online betting company that has streaming coverage of different sports and more than k live matches with live sports betting during the year, from football to tennis to esports Betting.
If this match is covered by 1xbet live you can watch this football match or any other game of Cyprus - First Division on any smartphone. Enjoys betting and a good poker game. Follow on medium. Nicosia is on Monday 28th December. AEL Limassol are currently in a better form than the away team - Ol. Nicosia is 1 with odds of 1. Deportivo Armenio 1 - 2 Talleres Tips 28th December.
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