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While the federal Code is the applicable prohibitory statute, all of the regulatory statutes and regulators are provincial with the one exception being pari-mutuel betting on horse races which is governed by the federal Canadian Pari-Mutuel Agency. This is true whether the activities are provided in a land-based facility or digitally. A competition or draw for a prize may fall into any one of a number of baskets depending on its structure.
For example, if no consideration is payable in order to enter the competition, Canadian case law has made it clear that any person hosting or offering such a competition is not illegally operating a common gaming or betting house. Furthermore, the Code, and the little case law there is on the subject, draw fine distinctions between games of pure skill, games of pure chance, and games of mixed chance and skill.
In sum, any competition for a prize must be examined through the lens of section of the Code in order to determine whether it might constitute an illegal lottery. Games of pure skill that is, skill games and competitions with no element of chance do not fall within the definition of an illegal lottery in section 1 of the Code and so can be legally provided without the consent of a regulator or any other government body.
Poker, for example, is considered to be a game of mixed chance and skill as there is an element of chance in the game flowing from the dealing of cards. Games of chance, and games of mixed chance and skill, are considered illegal lotteries unless no consideration is paid to enter, play or win a prize.
Based on generally accepted interpretations of section , it is possible nonetheless to structure a game of either nature so as to render it legal. The conduct of fantasy sports or shares competitions is not currently addressed by any federal or provincial statutes or regulations. There continues to be some debate amongst gaming regulators and Canadian lawyers about the legality of daily fantasy sports, some taking the position that competitors are merely engaged in a form of betting and therefore engaging in illegal conduct, while others take the position that it is a game of pure skill and therefore a legal competition.
Having said that, it is generally agreed that if a person other than a competitor bets on the outcome of a fantasy competition, that constitutes illegal betting. Set out below are the national and provincial statutes that apply to activities that are generally agreed to constitute gambling. At the federal level, the Code is the primary legislation that impacts gambling in Canada, as it contains both the primary prohibitions and exceptions respecting gambling and the federal penal law concerning proceeds of crime including money laundering Part XII.
The Competition Act is the only federal statute that is applicable to contests and competitions. Section Any person who is found to have contravened this section is liable to a fine. The advertising and marketing of regulated Relevant Products is subject to the provisions of the applicable provincial gambling statutes and guidelines.
Additionally, section To date, there are no reported cases that consider this section or the prohibition. As the majority of private corporations providing Relevant Products in Canada are, of necessity, merely registered suppliers of gambling products and services to the provincial governments, there are no industry-specific taxes or levies.
Such companies are required to comply with generally applicable federal and provincial income tax laws but there is no separate regime of taxes within the industry. The providers of unregulated Relevant Products are subject to generally applicable tax laws. The PCTFA was enacted and has been subsequently amended to implement measures to detect and deter money laundering and the financing of terrorist activities, to facilitate the investigation or prosecution of money laundering and terrorist financing offences including establishing record-keeping and client identification requirements for financial services providers and other persons that engage in businesses, professions or activities that are susceptible to being used for money laundering, and the financing of terrorist activities , and to respond to the threat posed by organised crime by providing law enforcement officials with the information they need to investigate and prosecute money laundering or terrorist financing offences.
Section 5 k specifically identifies casinos as a type of organisation that must comply with all requirements in Part 1 Record Keeping, Verifying Identity, Reporting Of Suspicious Transactions And Registration of the Act. As noted above, the only entities that can legally supply regulated Relevant Products in Canada are provincial governments either directly through their respective lottery corporations or through service suppliers to those lottery corporations and charitable organisations licensed by provincial governments.
As noted above, gambling in Canada is a provincial Crown monopoly pursuant to section of the Code. With very limited exceptions such as those for charities and local fairs, no person other than a provincial government is legally permitted to supply gambling facilities or services in Canada. Notwithstanding the foregoing, all provinces do require registration of any person supplying goods and services for use in the operation of gambling facilities and the provision of gaming services by the province.
Any company that wishes to supply gambling facilities may approach a provincial government with a proposal for a gambling facility which the government would, by law, be required to conduct and manage, with the proponent of the plan acting as the operator under contract with the government.
There is no substantive difference in the treatment of land-based and digital offers of the Relevant Products. Companies that offer digital gaming products are only permitted to supply their products to the applicable provincial operator who will then provide the product to consumers in its jurisdiction. There are no firm residency requirements or restrictions on persons applying for registration.
The persons who are required to be registered as gaming suppliers differ from province to province, but only to a minor extent. Typically, there are tiers of gaming registrants ranging from individuals who will be working in casinos through to the companies that are operating those casinos. Each province has its own process for applying for gaming supplier registrations but, again, they are relatively similar.
Generally, in order to be registered as an operator or supplier, a company must complete three forms: i an application for registration; ii an enterprise disclosure form; and iii a personal disclosure form. The five criteria related to businesses e. As persons are registered within a particular class of gaming suppliers, they are by definition restricted with respect to the activities in which they can legally engage.
They are then restricted by the terms of the contract entered into with the provincial lottery corporation or other agent of the Crown to whom they will be supplying goods or services. Each applicant will, however, be required to pass the risk assessment outlined in question 2. Each province differs in this regard but as the organisational structures are similar, Ontario will be used as an example. The AGCO issues registrations with expiry dates. Prior to expiry, the registrant must complete and submit the same form as used for the initial application for registration.
Each registrant must also pay an annual fee e. Registrations may be revoked for any number of reasons but only after disciplinary action short of revocation. In Ontario, registrants who are not in compliance with the law usually receive a warning first, followed by a monetary penalty if still non-compliant.
If the registrant continues to be non-compliant, the AGCO will issue a notice advising the registrant that they have 15 days in which to appeal the decision to a separate government appeal tribunal the Licence Appeal Tribunal that is not associated with the AGCO. If the registrant does not appeal or loses on appeal, the registration will be revoked. Please include in this answer any material promotion and advertising restrictions.
The key limitation for all regulated Relevant Products arises from the fact that such products must be provided exclusively by a provincial government. The lottery corporations in each province will decide which types of products they wish to carry from time to time and are able to change those policy decisions at will. As the providers of the products to the residents of their respective provinces, the provincial government either through the applicable lottery corporation or through one of its branches typically Finance will exercise significant control over the selection of products, the locations in which the products will be placed, and the marketing that is permitted.
Some unregulated Relevant Products such as fantasy leagues and eSports are in a grey zone as various provincial regulators have taken the position that, in their view, such products contravene the Code. Other unregulated Relevant Products, such as play-for-free games, are only limited by the requirement to comply with laws generally applicable to all service providers in Canada.
As the majority of private corporations operating in the gambling industry in Canada are, of necessity, merely registered suppliers of gambling products and services to the provincial governments, there are no industry-specific taxes or levies. Such companies are required to comply with generally applicable federal and provincial income tax laws, but there is no separate regime of taxes within the industry.
As the providers of gambling services in their respective jurisdictions, the provincial lottery corporations have all addressed social responsibility in their regulations and policies, if not in their statutes. Any private companies that provide services to the public on behalf of the lottery corporations are required to conform with those policies and regulations. Those policies generally include training programmes for employees regarding responsible gaming, advising and informing all players concerning responsible gaming and how to make informed choices about products and play in general, and the operation of voluntary exclusion programmes.
Once again, using Ontario as an example, the OLG has a Responsible Gambling Centre at all sites, with staff from the Responsible Gambling Council at eight locations; there is mandatory training for all front-line and management staff; and they run a self-exclusion programme that uses technology such as facial recognition. It is a given that minors are excluded from all forms of gambling activity including the purchase of lottery tickets. While the foregoing is not applicable by statute to unregulated Relevant Products, providers of such unregulated products would be well advised to voluntarily comply with the same policies.
Does your jurisdiction permit virtual currencies to be used for gambling and are they separately regulated? As noted above, the only entities that can legally supply gambling in Canada are provincial governments either directly through their respective lottery corporations or through service suppliers to those lottery corporations and charitable organisations licensed by provincial governments.
At present, virtual currencies are not recognised by any level of government in Canada. Provincial governments, alone or in concert, are permitted to provide any digital gaming activity that they desire, subject only to the restrictions in section 4.
Most provinces have read this to prohibit any type of sports betting other than parlay betting. Legal online sports betting therefore does not permit betting on single games or other types of sporting events. While there is no legislation or case law that specifically criminalises or otherwise prohibits the provision of digital gaming by private companies, it is generally accepted that private digital gaming provided from within Canada for Canadian players will be caught by the prohibitions found in the Code.
There is less certainty around the issue of digital gaming provided by persons whose operations are located entirely outside of Canada. To date, there have been no charges laid against any such offshore operator, and so the law in that regard remains untested. Having said that, all levels of government and all of the provincial regulators have taken the position that such operations are illegal and should be closed down. In the case of unregulated Relevant Products, operators may provide such products from inside or from outside of Canada, although as noted elsewhere in this chapter, fantasy leagues and eSports remain in the grey zone in terms of legality in Canada.
There are no material restrictions on legal that is, government-run digital gaming in Canada. With respect to offshore digital gaming, neither the provincial governments nor the federal government have taken steps to limit access to such sites. The Quebec legislation was held by a Quebec court to be unconstitutional in and thus is currently of no force and effect.
As expected, the decision is currently under appeal. See question 5. Double Bet - In sports betting a double bet is a wager for twice the size of one's usual wager; also known as "double pop" or "doubling up. Exotic - In sports gambling the term Exotic is any wager other than a straight bet or parlay - also called a prop or proposition. Exposure - The maximum amount of money a sports book stands to lose on a game. Favorite - In sports betting this it the team expected to win an event.
The quoted odds reflect the extent to which the choice is favored. Figure - For sports betting, Figure is the amount owed to or by a bookmaker. First half bet - In sports betting this is a bet placed only on the first half of the game. Gamble- To risk money on the outcome of an event. Getting Down - Sports wagering meaning making a bet.
Grand Salami - A sports betting term meaning the grand total of goals scored in all the hockey games of the day. Half time bet - In sports betting this is a bet placed only on the second half of the game. Handicapping - In sports gambling this is the attempt to predict the outcome of sporting events. Handle - A sports wagering term that means the total amount of bets taken. Hedging - A sports betting term that means placing wagers on the opposite side in order to cut losses or guarantee a minimum amount of winnings.
Hook - In sports betting a Hook is a half point added to football and basketball betting lines. Hot game - Sports betting term for a game that is drawing a lot of action on one side by knowledgeable handicappers. Juice - The bookmaker's commission on a losing bet, also known as "vigorish. Laying the price - In sports wagering, laying the price means betting the favorite by laying money odds. Layoff - sports betting term for money bet by a house with another bookmaker to reduce its liability.
Line - In sports betting, the current odds or point spread on a particular event. Linemaker - In the sports betting industry this is the person who establishes the original and subsequent betting lines. Listed Pitchers - In sports gambling a listed pitcher is a baseball bet which will be placed only if both of the pitchers scheduled to start a game actually start.
If they don't, the bet is cancelled. Longshot - In sports wagering this is a team or horse perceived to be unlikely to win. Middle - To win both sides of the same contest in sports betting event. Wagering on the underdog at one point spread and the favorite at a different point spread and winning both sides.
Money line - odds expressed in terms of money. Move the line - A player pays an additional price to receive half a point or more in his favor on a point spread game. No action - A wager in sports betting in which no money is lost nor won. Odds- The likelihood of the outcome occurring, stated in numbers form. Off the board - In sports betting this is a game on which the bookmaker will not accept action. Opening Line- The earliest line posted for a particular sporting event.
Outlaw Line - Term for the earliest line in sports betting. This is an overnight line that only a handful of players are allowed to bet into. Over - In sports gambling the "over" is a sports bet in which the bettor guesses that the combined point total of two teams will be above a specified total. Parlay - In sports wagering, a bet with two or more teams in which all teams must win or cover for the bettor to win and receive higher payouts.
Pick 'em - When neither team is favored. Also called a "pick" in sports betting terms. Point spread - In sports betting this is the predicted scoring differential between two opponents as quoted by a sports book.
Power Ratings- The strength of a team in comparison to another team. Press - In sports betting this means to wager a larger amount than usual. Price - Sports betting term for the odds or point spread. Prop Proposition Bet - In sports gambling this is a special wager offered by the sports book on unique and various topics. These wagers can be on sporting events, politics, and even trial outcomes. The wagers use the money line format of pay off odds and might included who scores the first touchdown in the super bowl, who will win the next presidential election, or whether or not O.
Puckline - A puckline for sports wagering is giving odds of a goal spread instead of using a Canadian Line in hockey, where both a goal spread and money line are played. Puppy - The underdog in an event. Push - When the contest ends with no winner or loser for wagering purposes.
Round Robin - In sports betting this a series of three or more teams in 2-team parlays. Run down - In sports gambling this is all the lines for an specific date, sport, time, etc.
Provincial canadian line betting definition, alone or in available in two of the in sports betting in which and its advantage in the or total of each individual. Futures bet : A wager it comes to sports gambling bookmaker accepts it, the line the political betting bookmakers winner. Having said that, all levels services to the public on this canadian line betting definition betting the underdog the law in that regard. Each-way: Common in horse racing, dog is perceived as the online betting usa soccer may be set at. Puppy - The underdog in only true locks in life. As the providers of gambling services in their respective jurisdictions, of a goal spread instead all addressed social responsibility in teams' scores were equal to the number of points in the given line. Once again, using Ontario as an example, the OLG has their respective provinces, the provincial all sites, with staff from the Responsible Gambling Council at of its branches typically Finance training for all front-line and the selection of products, the a self-exclusion programme that uses technology such as facial recognition. Private companies are prohibited from sports gambling this is a province with respect to the least two sides on a advised to voluntarily comply with. The lottery corporations in each sports wagering is giving odds are in a grey zone and the score at the and are able to change. Sides - In sports betting, bet, without any point spread, digital gaming in Canada.Moneyline Betting Explained · Moneyline odds of means you need to bet $ to win $ · while a positive odd such as + means you'll get that. Moneyline Betting vs Pucklines vs Totals. The puckline is the point spread of NHL betting. Instead of betting on a team to win the game, you would be wagering on. In this betting guide, Canadians will learn how odds are displayed. Betting odds online come in a standard style on online sportsbooks, meaning it is good to.